1. Pulse Reader sensors embedded with LoRa Technology are placed on electricity metering leading into homes or buildings

2. Sensor send periodic measurements of electricity consumption to a LoRa-based gateway; meter readers can also send information to the gateway about irregular readings that may indicate a leak.

3. Gateway sends information to the network where the data is analyzed by an application server.

4. Application server provides information regarding power consumption (KWH), voltage, electric current, power factor, and for transformer the sensor could send the data of temperature, humidity, also vibration.